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阮奇山詠春拳



普遍人一提起詠春拳代表人物,有看過甄子丹先生的電影相信大家都會答:葉問。其實詠春拳能人輩出,名家好手絕不止於葉問一人,本篇文章就向大家介紹廣州詠春拳系中的代表人物--阮奇山。

詠春拳的傳承歷史,每個支系都不同。但由於香港人比較少接觸廣州詠春,所以在此簡略交代廣州詠春拳之傳承。詠春拳由福建莆田南少林,少林庵五枚師太所創。五枚後來傳授於苗順,再傳嚴二。嚴二再傳其女嚴詠春,之後由嚴詠春傳俾其夫婿梁博濤。因梁本身鍾情粵劇,經常觀賞紅船戲班瓊花會館的演出而結識了黃華寶、梁二娣,陸錦(俗稱“大花面“),及高佬忠。以武會友因而傳授詠春拳於上述四位。黄、梁二人後來傳梁贊(即葉問師公); 陸錦後傳馮少青及霍保全; 霍保全則傳拳于阮奇山(阮亦有一段時間於馮少青晚年時期習拳)。

阮奇山(1887—1956),出身於佛山商賈大族,父親阮寵明從事顏料化工業的生意。由於在家中排行第五之關系,有“阮老渣“的外號(意指“第五“)。由於家境富裕,所以自小無愁衣食,全副心思都能夠專注在習武上。阮寵明見兒子熱衷武術,便禮聘拳師霍保全向阮奇山及兄長阮濟雲,傳授蛇形拳法。兩兄弟之後又有緣於詠春傳人馮少青下學拳,正式踏入詠春拳門下。

憑藉對武術一腔熱忱,阮奇山很快便於武術界打出名堂,與其兄長不相伯仲。後來兄長阮濟雲受聘前往安南(現今越南)教授詠春拳于當地華人礦工(現時稱為“越南詠春“)。據說,阮濟雲因事故被捕,曾以雙手被銬下打贏十數名獄警而被賞識,受聘教授拳法于當地警方。相反,家境富裕的阮奇山畢生都沒有真正依靠授徒維生,加上他不愛將功夫外露,故此阮氏詠春於廣州的傳人不多。其中最有名氣,要數岑能。

阮奇山晚年之際,主要由經商的兒子照顧起居飲食,生活尚算無憂。可惜的是,阮奇山本身患有哮喘病,一直都是靠鴉片煙舒緩。1949年新政府成立,鴉片煙因而長期短缺,阮奇山身體急劇轉差,最終不到70歲便與世長辭。

雖然阮奇山作風低調、授徒極少,但阮氏詠春拳仍然有不俗發展。某程度上要歸功於上述提到的岑能。岑能本是另一詠春拳師張保的弟子,後來阮奇山見他天分高,便主動收為徒弟。岑能在1948年到廣州開設醫館及武館,將阮奇山所授之功夫發揚光大。現時阮系一脈的詠春傳人,大多出自岑能門下。

阮奇山所傳的詠春拳同樣有小念頭、尋橋、標指、木人樁法、六點半棍及二字拑陽刀等招式和套路,但其手法和勁力卻極具特色。例如在拳形上,阮奇山詠春有獨龍拳、偏身拳,以及拉馬箭拳等,與其他支流有明顯分別。而最獨特之處在於勁力方面,阮奇山詠春強調要逐步將拳打鬆,令全身六個大關節(即踝、膝、腰、膊、肘、腕)都可以隨時開合,肌肉放鬆而拳頭到最後一刻先握緊,這樣才能夠快速有力,此為“鬆勁“。


大家若想了解更多有關廣州詠春拳的資料,請繼續留意我的文章,或可直接聯絡本人查詢!
 



1. 短時間內上手的街頭自衛術

詠春創立目的是使一個體格比較弱小的人在最短時間內能獲得自衛能力。羅賓師傅秉承「特警教官中的教頭」梁挺宗師的科學教法,習者一般3至6個月便能運用詠春拳自衛。

Capable of defending yourself in a street confronatation

WingTsun is developed for physically smaller and weaker people to defend themselves. Sifu Robin follows the teaching method taught by Great Grandmaster Leung Ting (the instructor of Special Combat instructors) in helping his students to obtain the self-defence skills within 3 - 6 months.

2. 強化關節
詠春拳強調關節發力發勁,並要求身型中正挺拔。練習詠春拳對很多都市病例如低頭族﹝肩頸痛﹞、腕管綜合症 (滑鼠手)、膝痛都有舒緩效果。

Enhance Joint mobility

In WingTsun, we emphasize on generating power from various joints in our body. It helps relieve tension from shoulders and neck, wrisit pain and knee pain.

3. 男女老少皆適合
詠春拳不會要求習者鍛鍊一字馬、凌空翻騰等高難度動作;而且我們會教授學員特別「特別留力訓練」,並建議學生﹝特別是女性﹞在鍛鍊時穿本會特製的護心甲,課堂安全,所以女生及小至6歲的孩童皆適宜學習。

Suitable for both men and female

WingTsun is a system that does not require practictioners to be super flexible . We do not teach arcobatic moves like split, aerial flips, etc. Although it is an aggressive fighting system, but students would train in a safe scenario. We teach how to control "force" before students engage in sparring. We recommend students (especially female students) to wear the chest protector during partner-exercises. Thus, WingTsun is suitable for ladies and kids aged from 6 or above.

4. 無需武術經驗
你不需要身材很FIT、體格特別強健,或有任何武術根基;其實,根據我的教學經驗,無基礎的人士更易更快把詠春拳練上手。

No pre-martial art expereiences is required

You do not have to be very fit or physically strong to do WingTsun. From my 16 years of teaching expereince, students who have no other martial art background usually pick up WingTsun quicker.

5. 狹窄的空間便運用
詠春拳主要為「貼身短打」的近身搏擊術。所以在地鐵、電梯、酒吧等人多濟迫的地方大派用場。此亦是匈牙利印度巷戰部隊學習『梁挺詠春』之因。

WingTsun can be applied in small-space areas

WingTsun is a close-range combat system and can be applied in crowed areas such as MTR, elevators, bars and discos. This is why Hungarian troops and Indian speical police "Black Cat" adopt "Leung Ting WingTsun" as their combat system.

6. 極細小空間便可練習

武術界有謂「拳打卧牛之地」,意指在一頭牛躺臥所佔的空間大小左右便能練習。在香港寸金尺土的環境,習者在幾呎空間隨時可以練習。

Can be practised in limited space

There is saying in Chinese kung fu "To practise Kung Fu within an area that a cow can lie down". You can practise WingTsun any time, anywhere in very limited space.

7. 釋放工作學業壓力
安多酚(endorphin)是一種人體內的分泌物,能令人產生輕鬆喜悅的感覺。詠春課上擊打木人樁、沙包及和師兄弟姊妹對練,能打走負能量之餘,釋放工作學業壓力。

Relieving stress from work & study

When you practise WingTsun, a chemical called "Endorphin" would release inside your brain and give you a pleasant and relaxing feeling. Hitting and kicking wooden dummies, wall bags and sparring practice with your training partners help you to relieve the stress of your daily work.

8. 增強肌肉柔軟度彈性
詠春拳尚「柔」,例如在基本功小念頭拳套中,有不同的招式去伸展拉開肌肉,當中連環拳的練習,在自衛上極強實用之餘,對收緊上臂線條,去除多餘贅肉有明顯幫助

Reduce body fat and enhance muscle elasticity

WingTsun emphasizes "Soft & elasticity". For example, we will introduce our students various techniques to open up their tight muscles when they are practising "The little Idea Form" (The fundamental set in WingTun). Besides, The chain-punches (Aka "Machine Gun punches) , the icon punching techniques, is a very effective way to tone up the upper arms and do away the flabby arms (bye bye meat).

9. 擴闊社交圈子
在詠春課裡,一齊享受學習詠春之餘,你會結識不同年齡及範疇的朋友。

Make friends with people from different path of the social circle
詠春拳以正身朝面追形,精簡實用,直接快攻的拳術。小念頭是以站立形式,練習詠春拳中的基本手法, 而小念頭拳套所存的手法都以:膀、攤、伏、枕、窒、耕、滾、圈、穿、批等,馬步亦以二字拑羊馬為主,小念頭最終目的是使練者,手法角度正確,熟能生巧。